After recordkeeping rules were updated at the end of last year to include hospitalizations, loss of an eye, and amputations, it became clear that OSHA was putting additional focus preventing and highlighting major injuries in the workplace. To further address the risk and frequency of amputatins—especially in the manufacturing industry—OSHA updated its National Emphasis Program on Amputations earlier this year.

With amputations in manufacturing occurring at a rate more than twice that of the private sector as a whole (1.7 incidence rate vs. 0.7), the new directive focuses on 80 activities with heightened risk of amputation.

Industry Focus: What High-Risk Industries Are Targeted?

The following 80 industries were highlighted as part of the NEP, derived through a progression of evaluating data from primarily four factors in three categories:

Category 1 (High IMIS and OIS Numbers):

OSHA selected five standards (29 CFR 1910.147, .212, .213, .217, and .219) that are generally recognized as related to amputation hazards, followed by identifying those industries with 40 or more OSHA inspections with one or more violations.

Category 2 (High Amputation rates from the Bureau of Labor and Statistics (BLS))

OSHA used the most recent five years of BLS Data (Calendar year 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012 and 2013) on incidence rates for nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses involving days away from work per 10,000 full-time workers, selecting NAICS with incidence rates of 10.0 or greater for any given year.

Category 3 (High Amputation numbers from BLS)

OSHA used the most recent five years of BLS Data (Calendar year 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012 and 2013) on the number of amputations. OSHA selected NAICS with BLS numbers of 50 or more amputations per year.

The 80 Industries Highlighted in Amputation NEP

The 80 6-Digit NAICS codes that comprise the scope of this NEP have either High IMIS/OIS Numbers coupled with High BLS Amputation Rates or High IMIS/OIS Numbers coupled with High BLS Amputation Numbers.

  • There are 14 6-digit NAICS codes with high inspection counts and high BLS rates (categories 1 and 2 above).
  • There are 76 6-digit NAICS codes with high inspection counts and high BLS case counts (categories 1 and 3 above).

After eliminating the overlap between the two groups, the final total is the following 80 6- Digit NAICS codes.

NAICS CodeNAICS DescriptionNumber of Employers


Food Manufacturing
311411Frozen Fruit, Juice, and Vegetable Manufacturing323
311412Frozen Specialty Food Manufacturing555
311511Fluid Milk Manufacturing771
311512Creamery Butter Manufacturing47
311513Cheese Manufacturing660
311514Dry, Condensed, and Evaporated Dairy Product Manufacturing639
311611Animal (except Poultry) Slaughtering2026
311612Meat Processed from Carcasses1128
311613Rendering and Meat Byproduct Processing243
311615Poultry Processing543
311811Retail Bakeries17748
311812Commercial Bakeries3788
311813Frozen Cakes, Pies, and Other Pastries Manufacturing304
311991Perishable Prepared Food Manufacturing274
311999All Other Miscellaneous Food Manufacturing2953


Wood Product Manufacturing
321114Wood Preservation640
321911Wood Window and Door Manufacturing1339
321912Cut Stock, Resawing Lumber, and Planing1257
321918Other Millwork (including Flooring)11132
321920Wood Container and Pallet Manufacturing3137


Paper Manufacturing
322211Corrugated and Solid Fiber Box Manufacturing1499
322212Folding Paperboard Box Manufacturing207
322219Other Paperboard Container Manufacturing646
322220Paper Bag and Coated and Treated Paper Manufacturing1710


Printing and Related Support Industries 
323111Commercial Printing (except Screen and Books)43417
323113Commercial Screen Printing3934
323117Books Printing467


Plastics and rubber products manufacturing 
326111Plastics Bag and Pouch Manufacturing283
326112Plastics Packaging Film and Sheet (including Laminated) Manufacturing144
326113Unlaminated Plastics Film and Sheet (except Packaging) Manufacturing820
326150Urethane and Other Foam Product (except Polystyrene) Manufacturing1175
326160Plastics Bottle Manufacturing290


Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing 
327320Ready-Mix Concrete Manufacturing4155
327390Other Concrete Product Manufacturing4058


Primary Metal Manufacturing 
331491Nonferrous Metal (except Copper and Aluminum) Rolling, Drawing, and Extruding713
331492Secondary Smelting, Refining, and Alloying of Nonferrous Metal (except Copper292


Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing 
332111Iron and Steel Forging912
332112Nonferrous Forging132
332114Custom Roll Forming29
332117Powder Metallurgy Part Manufacturing55
332119Metal Crown, Closure, and Other Metal Stamping (except Automotive)2926
332311Prefabricated Metal Building and Component Manufacturing1585
332312Fabricated Structural Metal Manufacturing6694
332313Plate Work Manufacturing1645
332321Metal Window and Door Manufacturing1679
332322Sheet Metal Work Manufacturing5030
332323Ornamental and Architectural Metal Work Manufacturing2447
332710Machine Shops17928
332991Ball and Roller Bearing Manufacturing348
332992Small Arms Ammunition Manufacturing241
332993Ammunition (except Small Arms) Manufacturing108
332994Small Arms, Ordnance, and Ordnance Accessories Manufacturing988
332996Fabricated Pipe and Pipe Fitting Manufacturing848
332999All Other Miscellaneous Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing3857


Machinery Manufacturing 
333111Farm Machinery and Equipment Manufacturing2691
333112Lawn and Garden Tractor and Home Lawn and Garden Equipment Manufacturing649
333611Turbine and Turbine Generator Set Units Manufacturing621
333612Speed Changer, Industrial High-Speed Drive, and Gear Manufacturing258
333613Mechanical Power Transmission Equipment Manufacturing486
333618Other Engine Equipment Manufacturing792


Computer and electronic product manufacturing 
334510Electromedical and Electrotherapeutic Apparatus Manufacturing2470
334511Search, Detection, Navigation, Guidance, Aeronautical, and Nautical System and instrument manufacturing1911
334512Automatic Environmental Control Manufacturing for Residential, Commercial, and Appliance use1159
334513Instruments and Related Products Manufacturing for Measuring, Displaying, and controlling industrial process variables2021
334514Totalizing Fluid Meter and Counting Device Manufacturing350
334515Instrument Manufacturing for Measuring and Testing Electricity and Electrical signals1864
334516Analytical Laboratory Instrument Manufacturing1560
334517Irradiation Apparatus Manufacturing321
334519Other Measuring and Controlling Device Manufacturing2493


Transportation equipment manufacturing 
336211Motor Vehicle Body Manufacturing 10935
336212Truck Trailer Manufacturing1016
336213Motor Home Manufacturing86
336214Travel Trailer and Camper Manufacturing873


Furniture and related product manufacturing 
337110Wood Kitchen Cabinet and Countertop Manufacturing11574
337121Upholstered Household Furniture Manufacturing900
337122Nonupholstered Wood Household Furniture Manufacturing3178
337124Metal Household Furniture Manufacturing432
337125Household Furniture (except Wood and Metal) Manufacturing506
337127Institutional Furniture Manufacturing2353


How NEP Selection Works

For employers in these industries, inspections are scheduled and conducted according to the following priorities. Excluded from this list are Employers with less than 10 employees (CPL 02-00-051).

Selections are made by cycle, and a “Cycle” can be defined as a subset of establishments from the master list. Creating cycles from a randomized list allows the Area Office to use its enforcement resources more efficiently. Inspecting firms within a cycle in the order that makes the most efficient use of OSHA’s resources does not diminish the plan’s neutrality.

An Area Office (AO), can schedule inspections in the following manner:

  • If the AO intend to inspect the entire master list, it can schedule the inspections in any order. If the AO uses this method, it must account (through inspections and deletions) for the entire list. The AO cannot inspect off a new list until the entire previous list is completed.
  • The AO can inspect the facilities in the random number order provided. If the AO uses this method, it does not need to complete the entire list.
  • The Area Office can create cycles by choosing a set number of establishments from the establishment list sorted in random number order. For example the AO can select the first ten establishments on the list sorted by ascending random number as a first cycle of 10 establishments. The AO can then inspect those establishments in any order, but must finish the cycle prior to beginning a second cycle. Once the first cycle is complete, the office can select the next ten establishments from the randomized list as its second cycle

This results in a randomized inspection process that is unbiased. This also means that if you are in the industries above, you can expect your name to be drawn.

We look forward to sharing with you part 2 of this guide, “what to expect during an Amputation NEP Inspection,” to be published tomorrow.

Need immediate help? Call the Optimum Safety Management Safety Helpline at 1-888-70-SAFE-T (707-2338).

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